You will want to call a local asbestos testing facility to ask how they want the sample submitted. Ask what they recommend you to wear while taking the ceiling sample and also how large of a sample they need.
Many houses contain asbestos ceiling materials, especially houses that were built between the s and the s. Asbestos was used commonly in ceilings since it helps with soundproofing and insulation, it's more resistant to fire, and it also hides ceiling imperfections. An asbestos ceiling is also called an "acoustic" ceiling, or "popcorn" ceiling due to its soundproofing qualities and it looks a little like popcorn once it's sprayed on.
There is no way to tell if you have asbestos in your ceiling unless you have a sample analyzed. You can either hire an asbestos specialist or you can gather your own sample with great precautions.
If you are going to take your own ceiling sample for asbestos testing, you will need to wear protective clothing such as a mask, goggles, gloves, and clothing that covers as much of you body as possible. Prepare the area where you will take the sample from. Place a tarp under the ceiling area and turn off any heating or cooling systems.
You must also spray the ceiling area with fine mist containing a few drops of detergent to keep the asbestos from becoming airborne. Cut a small piece of the ceiling with a sharp knife or other cutting instrument. You will most likely be able to place the sample into a Ziploc bag to seal and contain it. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Tip You will want to call a local asbestos testing facility to ask how they want the sample submitted.
Identify an Asbestos Ceiling. Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Either mail in or take the asbestos ceiling sample to a testing facility for analysis. Get four free quotes in 24 Hours from Renovation Experts. Show Comments.What Will Become of Airbnb? Page 1 of 2 1 2 Last Jump to page: Results 1 to 10 of Thread: Do you remember Pinex?
Thread Tools Show Printable Version. Do you remember Pinex? Looking for advice from an old builder or plasterer who remembers Pinex.
The areas of your home most likely to contain asbestos
They call it softboard now but noone knows anything about that either. I have stripped the wallpaper back to bare Pinex. Is there a special sealer I can apply first? Get a gib stopper to skim coat the pinex. Then paint. Expensive or 2. Replace with gib. Cheaper option.
If outside wall you can put insulation in. If he says 'yes,' you know he is a crook. I'd go for Muppet's Option two. It might appear more expensive upfront, but once fixed, it's easier to finish off and maintain.
Join Date Jun Posts 10, If you don't want a decent finish, and are happy with everything else a pinex finish brings,you might be able to seal it with an oil based undercoat?
Oh Dear! Not what I wanted to hear but thank you all. I do want a decent finish as I had planned to do away with wallpaper and paint the whole interior. Now I know why it was papered! I am on my own with a crook back so I'd have to hire someone to do either job.Thinking of buying a home?
Use our mortgage calculator to work out your costs. Calculations are based on the interest rate s being constant for the term of the loan s. Going to an open home? Learn how to identify problems and potential issues with a property at an open home before you are too far into the purchase process. Making an offer on a house is a big decision. Learn about sale and purchase agreements, different buying methods and multi-offers so you can make an informed decision.
Learn more about agent agreements. If the property you want to purchase has been built with materials that are known to be problematic, we recommend you get a property inspection report to check for any issues. If you see black piping or know that the house was built or re-plumbed in the late s to early s, check if the piping is Dux Quest which is prone to leaking.
Weatherside is an exterior house cladding product popular in the early s.How To Repair A Ceiling
It is prone to swelling and turning to mush. The only way to fix it is to replace the cladding. Asbestos was a popular building material from the mids until the mids. If it is found at a property, you will need to get specialist advice on how much of a risk it poses, how it could be removed and the time and cost for removal. This information about problem building materials may not cover everything that is relevant to you or the property.
You should always get advice from your own lawyer or conveyancer and other registered professionals. Dux Quest was a plastic piping used in houses in the late s to early s. The product was discontinued after reports of pipes and fittings bursting throughout New Zealand. Despite the cost, replacing the pipes is preferable to simply fixing the leaks, because some insurers will not cover damage caused by Dux Quest piping.
Dux Quest is easily identified. It is distinctive black piping with 'Dux Quest' printed in white lettering on the side. If a property has Dux Quest piping, the agent has to tell you if they are aware of it. You may wish to either ask for it to be replaced as a condition of sale or negotiate the cost of replacement off the sale price. Weatherside is a product made from wood and glue that was a popular cladding material in the early s.
The cladding then swelled, delaminated and turned to mush. Weatherside was withdrawn from sale in the s, but there are still houses on the market today with Weatherside cladding and buyers should look out for this. There are four main ways to identify Weatherside:. Asbestos is the name given to a group of natural minerals that are made up of many small fibres invisible to the naked eye.
Even a small amount of asbestos dust is potentially lethal if it is inhaled because the fibres aggravate lung tissue, causing it to scar. Asbestos is dangerous when it starts to deteriorate or is disturbed during renovation or other activity, because it spreads very easily and can contaminate a large portion of a house. It can be difficult to identify asbestos, especially if it has been mixed with other materials. If you are in doubt, get a sample tested professionally. If you are getting a building inspection done, make sure the inspection includes looking for asbestos.
Some building inspectors exclude liability for asbestos, so if you suspect asbestos particularly in an older housemake sure you have hired an inspector who will look for it. If you find asbestos, you will need to get specialist advice on how much of a risk it poses, how it could be removed and the time and expense of doing this. Textured asbestos ceilings were popular in the s, s, and s. The ceiling can start to break down and drop fibres, and asbestos will be disturbed if anything is done to the ceiling, for example, a hole drilled for a new light fitting.
How Do I Recognize Asbestos Ceiling Tiles?
Asbestos cement is the most common form of asbestos in New Zealand homes.It can be a bit difficult to recognize asbestos ceiling tiles. If you have an old home with old ceiling tiles, there may be a good chance that they contain asbestos. Also, certain types of ceiling tiles are more likely to contain asbestos than others. It is nearly impossible to tell if your tiles contain asbestos just by looking at them, however, and hiring an asbestos expert may be necessary.
Asbestos was once a very popular building material, particularly because it is fireproof. This material was often used in the United States from the early s until the early s.
Despite this, some homes constructed a few years after this may still contain asbestos in their ceilings. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHAindividuals should suspect that any ceiling tiles installed before contain asbestos.
A suspended ceiling is more likely than other types of ceilings to contain asbestos tiles. These types of ceilings are also referred to as dropped ceilings or acoustic ceilings. They are created by suspending a framework from the roof or upper floor and inserting ceiling tiles into the open spaces, thereby creating a space between the ceiling and upper floor or roof.
Some asbestos ceiling tiles may be labeled. If these labels exist, they will be on the top of the ceiling tiles. This is rare, however, and most asbestos tiles are not labeled in any way. They will almost always resemble regular ceiling tiles. Since it is almost impossible to recognize asbestos ceiling tiles just by looking at them, you may want to hire an asbestos expert. These experts are trained in asbestos detection. An asbestos inspection will typically involve the contractor coming to your home and examining any areas that may contain asbestos.
He will also usually obtain a sample of the ceiling tiles. These samples will typically be sent to a laboratory for further testing. Testing these samples is considered to be the only way to positively identify asbestos ceiling tiles and other materials containing asbestos.
Polarized light microscopy is a technique often used to identify this substance. As a general rule of thumb, any old ceiling tiles should be treated as though they contain asbestos. When removing asbestos ceiling tiles, it is important to follow a number of safety guidelines outlined by OSHA.
It is often advisable to hire an asbestos removal specialist, as opposed to trying to tackle the job yourself. Ceiling tiles installed before probably will contain asbestos. Want to automatically save time and money month? Please enter the following code:. Login: Forgot password?Generally, asbestos-containing materials that are in good condition will not release asbestos fibres.
There is no danger unless fibres are released and inhaled into lungs. If you are not living in a home that contains asbestos, your exposure to asbestos is unlikely to present a high level of risk. People can be exposed to higher levels of airborne asbestos inside their homes than levels in outdoor air, usually as a result of cutting or drilling through asbestos-cement materials or sanding down asbestos-containing surfaces, linoleum or tiles during home maintenance, renovating, repair and remodelling.
Fibres are released when physical actions deliberate or accidental disturb the surface. Exposure levels indoors depend on the type of asbestos and its condition. Constant exposure to crumbly or powdery friabledamaged, exposed or poorly maintained asbestos materials may increase the health risk. People who live or work near asbestos-related activities may also inhale asbestos fibres that have been released into the air by the activities.
Source: Bardsley A. Asbestos Exposure in New Zealand: Review of the scientific evidence of non-occupational risks. They will tell you what to do. Skip to main content. Asbestos and health Asbestos in the home Dealing with asbestos Lead-based paint Mercury spills Soil contaminants Household items and electronics Keeping cool in summer Pests and insects Radiation in the environment Sunbeds.
Asbestos in the home. How to find out if you have asbestos in your home. If you think you might have asbestos in your home contact a health protection officer at your local district health board. They will advise you. On this page: About asbestos in the home Examples of asbestos in the home Residential risk assessment How to tell if material around your home contains asbestos About asbestos in the home Generally, asbestos-containing materials that are in good condition will not release asbestos fibres.
Examples of asbestos in homes Some roofing and siding shingles are made of asbestos cement. Houses built between and may have asbestos as insulation. Asbestos may be present in textured paint and in patching compounds on wall and ceiling joints. Artificial ashes and embers sold for use in old gas-fired fireplaces may contain asbestos.
Older products such as stove-top pads may have some asbestos compounds. Walls and floors around wood-burning stoves may be protected with asbestos paper, millboard, or cement sheets. Asbestos is found in some vinyl floor tiles and linoleum, and as backing on vinyl sheet flooring and adhesives.
Hot water and steam pipes in older houses may be coated with an asbestos material or covered with an asbestos blanket or tape. The soil around your home may have asbestos in it from inappropriate removal or storage, or from deteriorating roof or wall cladding or other sources. Residential risk assessment. Click image to enlarge.
Page last updated: 14 June Share this page on some of the most popular social networking and content sites on the internet. Twitter Facebook.InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. This document assists building buyers, owners or inspectors who need to identify asbestos materials or probable-asbestos in buildings by simple visual inspection.
We provide photographs and descriptive text of asbestos insulation and other asbestos-containing products to permit identification of definite, probable, or possible asbestos materials in buildings.
Asbestos may have been used in the ceiling tile tiles and in lay-in ceiling tiles in suspended ceilings in the tile body or in paper facing or backing on the ceiling tiles; asbestos was also a common ingredient in some mastic adhesives used for glue-up application of ceiling tiles. Asbestos-containing ceiling tiles are not considered friable but are soft enough that unnecessary sampling or disturbance may release asbestos dust and particles.
In addition, some ceiling tiles such as used in suspended ceilings may be holding a collection of asbestos-containing dust and debris from other sources on the hidden upper side of the tile.
In these articles we explain how to recognize and handle asbestos-suspect ceiling tiles or other ceiling or wall or building sheathing products. Photo above: an encaustic heraldic tile used on the ceiling at Cleve Abbey, Cleeve Abbey ceiling tiles, dating from the middle ages, late in the twelfth century. Cleve abbey, a Cistercian monastery was, inconverted by Henry VIII to a country house as part of the dissolution of the monasteries.
Chrysotile asbestos, one of the most commonly-used asbestos fibers, was used in production of some ceiling materials. Amosite asbestos, also a widely-used form of asbestos, was used in some ceiling tiles as well as in roof and floor tiles.
Crocidolite asbestos was also used in ceiling tile production. Ceilings were also covered with cement-asbestos products as a fire barrier in boiler rooms and similar locations. Certainly not all ceiling tiles contain or ever contained asbestos. Knowing the the history of ceiling tiles and their various ingredients, combined with the size, brand usually unknownvisual appearance and location of ceiling tiles, and adding the age of the building or of the ceiling tile installation itself can often quickly decide whether special handling or further investigation is warranted when demolishing, remodeling, or otherwise disturbing a ceiling.
But asbestos fibers were used in some acoustic asbestos ceiling tiles, often amphibole asbestos such as amosite, crocidolite, anthrophylite, tremolite, and actinolite, with amosite among the most commonly-found. Watch out : During any construction, demolition, or building remodeling project, as dust and particles from many materials, even paper and wood can be irritating or harmful to workers and occupants, prudent procedure would include appropriate dust control, personal protection equipment, and cleaning methods.
While an expert lab test using polarized light microscopy may be needed to identify the specific type of asbestos fiberor to identify the presence of asbestos in air or dust samplesmany asbestos-containing building products not only are obvious and easy to recognize, but since there were not other look-alike products that were not asbestos, a visual identification of this material can be virtually a certainty in many cases.
Asbestos was used in ceiling products at least as early as the 's and continued into the 's or possibly later depending on the country of origin or use of these products.
Modern ceiling products do not contain asbestos. Using Certainteed as an example, [www. Common modern ceiling product ingredients include fibrous glass wool, urea formaldehyde resin, and fiberboard products contain slag wool, starch, cellulose [wood fibers], perlite, crystalline silica, and clay. Watch out : It's worth noting that even modern building products can present health hazards if they are not handled properly. For example crystalline silica can cause nose, throat, and lung irritation.
Some acoustic ceiling tiles contain asbestos. If renovation is planned it may be smart to simply handle this material as if it contained asbestos particles. In these photographs of older square ceiling tiles the photo below left shows a smooth ceiling tile and the second photo below right an acoustic ceiling tile with its characteristic pattern of holes.
Both of these products might contain asbestos fibers, though the principal material is usually cellulose. The larger suspended ceiling segment, 2'x4' in size photo above rightwas pushed aside to show the older layers of ceiling materials above.
The suspended ceiling tile, if made of fiberglass or cellulose is not a likely asbestos fiber source. Our concern in this particular instance was that the entire cavity above the suspended ceiling was being used as an air conditioning return air plenum, exposing all of the building HVAC system and occupants to whatever particles were released by materials in the cavity, including possibly asbestos from the older layer of acoustic ceiling tiles.
The remediation contractor removed all of these layers to expose and clean the concrete ceiling above prior to installing a new suspended ceiling. Our perforated acoustic ceiling tile photo above shows that these particular asbestos-containing ceiling materials were also sometimes applied to a vertical wall.The workplace health and safety regulator, WorkSafe NZ, has been investigating the testing and management of asbestos during repair work carried out in homes in Canterbury following the earthquakes in and Asbestos is a common term describing a variety of naturally occurring silicate minerals.
It was a popular building material up until the s because of its exceptional insulating, fire-resistant and reinforcing properties. The most commonly mined forms of asbestos are chrysotile white asbestoscrocidolite blue asbestos and amosite brown asbestos. Chrysotile asbestos is the type usually present in asbestos-containing materials in New Zealand houses.
Chrysotile fibres tend to break across the fibre, so become shorter and remain thicker than the crocidolite and amosite fibres. The fibres of health significance are those that can be inhaled.
Pinex Ceiling Tile
People are more likely to experience asbestos-related diseases when they are exposed to higher concentrations of asbestos, are exposed frequently and over long periods of time. The risk of developing asbestos-related diseases is very low for low-level short-term exposure in the home. This is because the risk of disease is directly related to the amount of asbestos and length of exposure. Short-term low-level exposure in the home is likely to pose negligible risk of disease. Asbestos-related diseases generally occur in workers who have had heavy exposure over extended periods of time, such as people engaged in the manufacture of asbestos-containing material.
The main exposure to asbestos is from breathing in airborne asbestos fibres, some of which may get trapped in your lungs. Levels of fibres in lung tissue build up over time, but some fibres, particularly chrysotile white asbestoscan be removed with time. If you swallow asbestos, nearly all of the fibres are excreted in the faeces. There is some evidence that ongoing exposure may increase the risk of gastrointestinal tumours and that short-term high levels of ingestion may lead to precursor lesions of bowel cancer.
However these effects may be caused by something other than asbestos. Asbestos fibres can penetrate into the skin but do not appear to pass through the skin into the blood. There is no conclusive evidence that children are at greater risk of developing asbestos-related disease than adults. The risk of developing asbestos-related diseases is extremely low for low-level short-term exposure in the home.
Asbestos poses a risk if it is no longer adequately contained in the material it came in such as due to damage, being cut or drilled into during building work, home maintenance or wear and tear.
For this reason, the Ministry of Health advises homeowners not to undertake home maintenance on materials that may contain asbestos, or dispose of such materials themselves. If you are worried about asbestos in your home talk to a health protection officer about what to do. You can arrange to have your house tested for the presence of asbestos fibres. The highest risk of exposure to asbestos in the home is through home renovating, by cutting or drilling through asbestos-cement sheeting or sanding down asbestos-backed linoleum or tiles.
Left undisturbed, these materials pose a negligible risk as long as they are in good condition and it is recommended that asbestos-containing material in good condition be left alone. There is an ongoing, although low, risk of exposure to asbestos fibres in a home where there are damaged or deteriorating asbestos-containing insulation, walls, ceiling or floor tiles.
The longer you are exposed to asbestos fibres in the air, and the higher the concentration of the exposure, the greater the risk of developing asbestos-related diseases later on in life. Asbestos-related diseases take many years, usually decades, to develop. Symptoms developing within months of exposure are unlikely to be related to asbestos. Generally, asbestos-related diseases occur in workers, such as miners and factory workers, often from historical and heavy exposures before modern laws and controls were introduced.
Those asbestos workers who smoke are about 90 times more likely to develop lung cancer than people who neither smoke nor have been exposed to asbestos. The general population is exposed to small amounts of asbestos fibres in air arising from natural sources and wearing down of manufactured asbestos-containing materials. Friable asbestos which would crumble easily if handled is more likely to generate airborne fibre, hence increasing the risk of exposure to asbestos.
The risk of generating airborne asbestos fibres can be reduced by appropriate management measures eg removing the friable material or sealing the surface.
The risk of disease depends on how much exposure occurred and over what time period. No specific dose can be determined because everyone will have different susceptibility, and different risk factors. For example, people who are frequently exposed to asbestos, and who smoke, are at a much greater risk of lung cancer.